Архив меток: Колумбия

crudeoilpeak.info: Peak oil in Latin America

http://crudeoilpeak.info/peak-oil-in-latin-america

zerohedge.com: сырьевые валюты и золото, 2006-2016

http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-02-20/what-happens-gold-when-citizens-lose-faith-fiat-currency
http://www.sharelynx.com/newsblog/index.php?post/2016/02/20/Gold-At-New-Highs

https://www.bullionstar.com/charts/

Колумбия: Скала Эль-Пеньон-де-Гуатапе

Высота скалы от подножия до вершины составляет 220 метров, высшая точка находится на отметке 2135 метров над уровнем моря. Возраст — около 70 миллионов лет, состоит Эль-Пеньон-де-Гуатапе из кварца, полевого шпата и слюды. Стоит на берегу водохранилища Гуатапе. Длина скалы — 380 метров, ширина — 100 метров, объём — 4 685 000 м³, масса — 10 миллионов тонн.
https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Эль-Пеньон-де-Гуатапе

Type: Granite dome https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granite_dome

A monadnock or inselberg is an isolated hill, knob, ridge, outcrop, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain.

Sugarloaf Mountain (396 m) in Rio de Janeiro
Us — 24
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_inselbergs


http://vsegda-tvoj.livejournal.com/15779921.html

Колумбия: нефть, газ, уголь

According to the Oil and Gas Journal (OGJ), Colombia had approximately 2.4 billion barrels of proven crude oil reserves as of January 1, 2014.
— — — —
2.4 billion barrels = 341 млн. т
— — — —

In 2012, the United States was Colombia’s top oil export destination, followed by Panama, China, and Spain. In that year, Colombia exported 432,000 bbl/d of crude oil and refined products to the United States.

According to the ANH, Colombia had proven natural gas reserves of more than 5.7 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) as of December 31, 2012.
— — — —
5.7 trillion cubic feet = 159.6 млрд м3
— — — —

Colombia produced 387 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of dry natural gas in 2011 and consumed 312 Bcf. Of the country’s total gross natural gas production of 1,115 Bcf, about 56% was reinjected to aid in enhanced oil recovery. In 2007, natural gas production began to exceed consumption, allowing for exports.

http://www.eia.gov/countries/cab.cfm?fips=CO

— — —
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013

Фото: добыча золота в Колумбии

http://fotki.yandex.ru/users/kerpe1/album/141299/?p=0

Экономика стран Латинской Америки

Источник данных: Всемирный банкПоследнее обновление: 9 марта 2012 г.

1. ВВП в долларах США по текущим ценам. Без поправки на инфляцию.

google.com/publicdata

2. Валовой национальный доход в долларах по ППС (для учета соотношения цен в разных странах). Без поправки на инфляцию.

3. ВНД на душу населения в долларах по ППС. Валовой национальный доход на душу населения в долларах по ППС (для учета соотношения цен в разных странах). Без поправки на инфляцию.

4. Первичное энергопотребление (до преобразования в другие виды конечных энергоносителей) в килограммах нефтяного эквивалента на душу населения.

5. Потребление электричества в киловатт-часах на душу населения.

6. Среднегодовая оценка численности населения

7. Broad money (IFS line 35L..ZK) is the sum of currency outside banks; demand deposits other than those of the central government; the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government; bank and traveler’s checks; and other securities such as certificates of deposit and commercial paper.

google.com/publicdata

8. Money and quasi money comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand deposits other than those of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government. This definition of money supply is frequently called M2, it corresponds to lines 34 and 35 in the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) International Financial Statistics (IFS).

9. External debt stocks (% of GNI)
Total external debt stocks to gross national income. Total external debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Total external debt is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, use of IMF credit, and short-term debt. Short-term debt includes all debt having an original maturity of one year or less and interest in arrears on long-term debt. GNI (formerly GNP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

10. Debt stocks
External debt is debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. It is the sum of public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, short-term debt, and use of IMF credit.

gapminder.org: Потребление энергии и душевой ВВП. Нефтедобывающие государства Латинской Америки

1971

1971-2007

2007

gapminder.org

MEA-1999: Южная Америка

Источник: Мillennium energy atlas, 1999

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