Таиланд: Обзор энергетики и экономики


According to Oil & Gas Journal,Thailand held proven oil reserves of 453 million barrels in January 2013, an increase of 11 million barrels from the prior year. In 2011, Thailand produced an estimated 393,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of total oil liquids, of which 140,000 bbl/d was crude oil, 84,000 bbl/d was lease condensate, 154,000 bbl/d was natural gas liquids, and the remainder was refinery gains. Thailand consumed an estimated 1 million bbl/d of oil in 2011, leaving total net imports of 627,000 bbl/d, and making the country the second largest net oil importer in Southeast Asia.

About 80 percent of the country’s crude oil production comes from offshore fields in the Gulf of Thailand. Chevron is the largest oil producer in Thailand, accounting for nearly 70 percent of the country’s crude oil and condensate production in 2011. The largest oilfield is Chevron’s Benjamas located in the north Pattani Trough. The field’s production peaked in 2006 and declined to less than 30,000 bbl/d in 2010. Chevron is developing satellite fields to sustain production around Benjamas. PTTEP’s Sirikit field is another significant crude oil producer supplying 22,000 bbl/d of oil in 2010. Small independent companies, Salamander Energy and Coastal Energy, began exploring onshore and shallow water fields including Bualuang, Songkhla, and Bua Ban that came online in 2009.

Thailand holds large proven reserves of natural gas, and natural gas production has increased substantially over the last few years. However, the country still remains dependent on imports of natural gas to meet growing domestic demand for the fuel.

According to OGJ, Thailand held 10.1 Trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of proven natural gas reserves as of January 2013, and reserves have experienced a general decline over the last few years. Almost all of the country’s natural gas fields are located offshore in the Gulf of Thailand. Natural gas production has risen steadily in the past decade, although not enough to keep up with the growth in domestic consumption.

The Thai government is concerned that domestic production will peak and decline in several years, placing pressure on the country’s energy security. The Energy Ministry expects gas production to peak in 2017 and deplete by 2030 at current production levels and with no reserve additions.

Thailand produced 1,306 billion cubic feet (Bcf) and consumed 1,645 Bcf of natural gas in 2011, resulting in net imports of nearly 340 Bcf. These imports came from offshore fields in Burma sent via pipeline. Both production and consumption have doubled since 2000, and each grew more than 15 percent between 2009 and 2010. Thailand produced and consumed natural gas at a slower rate in 2011 following disruptions from an offshore gas pipeline leak and massive flooding that began in mid-2011. These disruptions affected primarily the power sector and manufacturing activities, and annual growth slowed to 2 percent for gas production and around 3 percent for consumption in 2011. As production declines in older fields, Thailand could depend more heavily on imports if no significant discoveries are made over the next decade.

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BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2012

R/P ratio = 3.5 года
Добыча началась в 1981 г., с 1996 г. более 100 тыс. барр./день

R/P ratio = 7.6 лет
Добыча началась в 1981 г., с 1994 г. более 10 млрд. м3 в год

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Экономика стран Юго-Восточной Азии

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The total population in Thailand was last recorded at 69.5 million people in 2011 from 27.6 million in 1960, changing 151 percent during the last 50 years.

Fertility rate; total (births per woman)

Current Account to GDP

Balance of Trade

USDTHB spot exchange

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Current Account и Balance of Trade стали положительными после девальвациии, вызванной азиаатским кризисом 1997 г. и увеличения добычи нефти и газа до значимых количеств

Government Debt To GDP

Government Budget

Energy imports; net (% of energy use)

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Импорт энергии несмотря на близость пика добычи нефти и газа снизился мало

The Energy use (kg of oil equivalent) per dollar1;000 GDP (constant 2005 PPP)

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Значимых улучшений нет

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